Blueberries, blackberries, blackcurrent… what is what?


Have you been wondering about the difference between most common types of berries? And possibly also their translation? This article gives you the overview you need, as I myself was wondering about the same thing.

Berries!

Except for raspberries and blackberries – categorized as ‘Aggregate fruits‘ – all berries are what’s called ‘Simple fruit‘ formed from a single ovary and may contain one or more seeds. Without going into more detail I can confirm… fruits have ovaries! And a berry ripens into an edibale fruit from its ovary. A berry like this can be fleshy or dry, like nuts. But berries are simple fleshy fruits so are drapes containing a hard pit at its core, and pomes, which are apple like fruits. So that means technically a tomato is actually a berry! So is an avocado and even the berries used for coffee.

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So why is this of interest? In general fruits are truly a source of not just vitamins, but healthy sugars and energizers. All berries are rich in vitamin C, helping you deal with stress and having many other good influences on the bodies health.The more we learn about how our bodies react to which types of food, including which types of fruit, the healtier we can become by making choises based on what the body is indicating to need and what we have learned. The most common example would be to eat a banana when you are about to go out for a run and are feeling a little too ‘light’ or low on energy. Berries are often very colorful to stick out because they depend on birds and other animals to get dispersed. So get ready for the essentials on these berries such as color, taste and contents and why and when to eat them!

Let’s highlight my two favorites:

 

Blueberries and Raspberries.

 

Blueberries

Colored with a beautiful indigo blue, the blue berry is very popular nowadays because of it’s high levels of antioxidants. Carrying a beautiful crown this small round berry will have ripened from a light green to a purple and finally into a blue berry, hence its name. The taste should be fairly sweet once ripe but can also be fresh and lightly sour. Originally the berries come from Northern America, but are cultivated in many places at the moment.

Why eat them? There have been researches that claim eating blueberries will lower cholesterol, possibly affecting heart disease positively, improving memory and even lift depression. I eat blueberries a couple of times a week, added to oatmeal or yogurt, too bad there isn’t an organic shop or farm close by as you should really try to get these free from pesticides. Personally I can’t say if it’s blueberries or one or more aspects of my overall healthy eating habits that make me feel energetic and fit most of the time, but I can say I love eating them for their taste and structure. Plus they aren’t too sweet, 10 grams per 100 gram and provide a good source of Vitamin C, B-6 (related to serotonin levels and thus depression) and potassium (lowering blood pressure).

Raspberries

So technically not a berry, but rich in vitamin C and fiber. Raspberries are grown for the fresh fruit market and for commercial processing into individually quick frozen (IQF) fruit, purée, juice, or as dried fruit used in a variety of grocery products (wikipedia). Dutch research published in BioFactorsfound that raspberries contain 50% more antioxidants than strawberries.

BONUS: Berry Overview

And here’s the bonus; a table with the translation in English, French and Dutch, because those just happen to be the languages I speak 🙂 So when you are in France (or Holland) next time, you know what kind of fruits you’re buying at the local market or what you are ordering with your dessert.

BerriesOverview

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